Tuesday, September 04, 2012

Summary of Narrative Text

Summary of Narrative Text


A narrative is a piece of writing that tells a story.
The story can be imaginary or based on a real incident. A narrative always deals with some problems which lead to the climax and then turn into a solution to the problem.

The communicative purpose of narrative text:
1. To tell a story about something or someone.
2. To amuse or entertain the readers or listeners.

The examples of narrative texts:
1. Short stories
2. folk tales
3. legends
4. myths
5. fables
6. novels
7. cartoon strips
8. picture books

The text organization
  1. Orientation sets the scene (where and when the story happen) and introduces the participants of the story (who and what is involved in the story).
  2. Complication tells the beginning of the problem which leads to the crisis (climax) of the main participants.
  3. Resolution provides solution to the problem either in a happy ending or in a sad (tragic) ending.
  4. Re-orientation (optional) gives a closing remark to the story. It consists of a moral lesson or advice.
  5. Sometimes, a writer puts his judgement on a certain participant or a certain event. This is called evaluation. Example: The mouse was small but kind-hearted.

Language features
1. Past tense
2. Nouns
3. Pronouns
4. Noun phrases
5. Time connectives and conjunctions
6. Adjectives
7. Adverbs
8. Adverbial phrases of time and place
9. Material processes (action verbs)
10. Verbal processes (saying verbs)
11. Direct speech
12. Indirect speech

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